Background. Material and behavioural factors play an important role in explaining educational inequalities in mortality, but gender differences in these contributions have received little attention thus far. We examined the contribution of a range of possible mediators to relative educational inequalities in mortality for men and women separately.
Abstract. Marriage is associated with better mental health. While research on the mental health of cohabiting individuals has increased in recent years, it has yielded mixed results thus far. We assessed whether the mental health of cohabiters is comparable to that of married individuals or those living alone using longitudinal data on psychotropic medication purchases. Continue reading “Publication: Cohabitation and mental health: Is psychotropic medication use more common in cohabitation than marriage?”
Background. The scientific evidence-base for policies to tackle health inequalities is limited. Natural policy experiments (NPE) have drawn increasing attention as a means to evaluating the effects of policies on health. Several analytical methods can be used to evaluate the outcomes of NPEs in terms of average population health, but it is unclear whether they can also be used to assess the outcomes of NPEs in terms of health inequalities. The aim of this study therefore was to assess whether, and to demonstrate how, a number of commonly used analytical methods for the evaluation of NPEs can be applied to quantify the effect of policies on health inequalities. Continue reading “Publication: Assessing the impact of natural policy experiments on socioeconomic inequalities in health: How to apply commonly used quantitative analytical methods?”
Every year, the Department of Public Health of the Erasmus Medical Center presents two publication awards; the Encouragement Award (for the best PhD publication) and the TOP Award (for the best overall publication).
I am very honored to have received the Encouragement Award 2016 for our paper “Work–Family Trajectories and the Higher Cardiovascular Risk of American Women Relative to Women in 13 European Countries” in the American Journal of Public Health. I am also gratefully acknowledging my coauthors: Ivan Mejía-Guevara, Mauricio Avendano, Erika Sabbath, Lisa Berkman, Johan Mackenbach and Frank van Lenthe.
Objectives. To investigate whether less-healthy work–family life histories contribute to the higher cardiovascular disease prevalence in older American compared with European women. Continue reading “Publication: Work–family trajectories and the higher cardiovascular risk of American women relative to women in 13 European countries”
Aims. Labour force activity and marriage share some pathways through which they potentially influence health. In this paper, we examine whether marriage and labour force participation interact in the way they influence mortality in the USA and six European countries.
Objectives. This study examined to what extent the higher mortality in the United States compared to many European countries is explained by larger social disparities within the United States. We estimated the expected US mortality if educational disparities in the United States were similar to those in 7 European countries.